Acne is a type of skin lesion caused by blockage of sebum gland follicle duct. The gland gets infected by P.Acnes, a bacterium found naturally in the skin. There are many medicines available in the market for acne cure. The medicines are mostly available as acne creams, acne lotions, acne cleansers, acne pills, acne injections etc. The acne cream ingredients may include the following medicines.
Benzoyl peroxide, triclosan and chlorhexidine gluconate are anti bacterials that kill the bacteria present in acne. Benzoyl peroxide acne lotion is considered the best medicine and has a high effectiveness rate of nearly 75%.
Salicylic acid, glycolic acid and other mild acids acne lotions work by peeling skin on a micro level and thereby opening the pore. They are used for mild to moderate acne.
Erythromycin, clindamycin and tetracycline are antibiotics that are either applied topically in the form of acne lotions or taken orally in the form of acne pills. They are used to kill the bacteria. However P.Acnes has developed resistance to most antibiotics. Antibiotics are given in cases of severe acne along with benzoyl peroxide acne lotion.
Cyproterone, drospirenone and cortisone are given in hormonal treatment for acne. They are designed to reduce the production of sebum. Hormone treatment is more effective in women.
Tretinoin, adapaline, retinol and isotretinoin are retinoids. They are available in the form of acne lotions or acne creams. They are designed to regulate the life cycle of follicle cells to prevent hyperkeratinization of follicle cells.
All these are available as acne lotions, acne cleansers, acne creams, pills, injections etc. Most are available over the counter. Self medication can be dangerous. Consult your doctor before using any medicine listed here.
There are many dietary supplements like Acuzine available in the market to aid the medicines listed above. They work by providing vital ingredients required by the skin to recover. They may consist of ingredients like anti-oxidants, vitamins E & C, hydrolyzed collagen, ALA, DMAE, Aloe vera, Bioperine etc.